General Water Resources
Chloride Found at Levels that Can Harm Aquatic Life in Urban Streams of the Northern U.S.–Winter Deicing a Major Source September 16, 2009 – Recent study released to determine the causes of excess chloride in water tables in the North. The abstract states, “Use of salt for deicing roads and parking lots in the winter is a major source of chloride. Other sources include wastewater treatment, septic systems, and farming operations.” Apparently softener salt is such a minor contributor that it’s not even mentioned in the abstract. However on page 12 (page 22 of the PDF) of the study they state: “In 2005, salt for water treatment represented 3.1 percent of salt use in the United States (Kostick and others, 2007).” Makes you wonder why California didn’t conduct a similar study or take this into account before banning water softeners in certain counties.
Toxic Waters Interactive September 12, 2009 – An interactive website based on the “Toxic Waters” article by the New York Times that helps you find Clean Water Act violations in your local area.
AP Investigation: Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water regularly – An ongoing investigation conducted by the Associated Press concerning pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other drugs found in drinking water supplies throughout the US. The first article calling this into concern was done around March 2009 and dozens of follow-up articles have been written since.
Water Wise Guy weekly – A Culligan dealer who is always gathering water information to keep you up-to-date on the latest water news.
Water structure and science periodically – All you’ve ever wanted to know about the composition, physics, and science behind water.
Are there harmful effects of water softener discharges on household septic tanks? 2009 – A discussion by the Water Quality Association on the effects of water softeners on septic tanks.
Soft water for more comfortable living –This article by Essortment.com talks about how soft water is beneficial for every member of your family. It keeps your skin and hair soft and your plumbing free of lime deposits. It will also help your laundry and water using appliances last longer as well as save you money on soap.
Ohio River study finds drugs, chemicals that slip through waste treatment July 12, 2010 – Another major water source in the US has been confirmed to contain contaminants. The article states, “Dozens of chemicals and pharmaceuticals — antidepressants, veterinary hormones, even cocaine — have been detected in the Ohio River…” Samples were taken from 22 locations ranging from Pittsburgh, PA to Paducah, KY.
Medicated Bath Products to Blame for Worsening Water Pollution March 25, 2010 – For the first time, a study unveiled at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society points out that a major source of active pharmaceutical ingredients in water comes from bathing, showering, and laundering. According to Dr. Ilene Ruhoy, “lotions, creams, gels and skin patches are to blame for a significant amount of the APIs in ground water.”
Studies Reveal Why Drinking Water Wells are Vulnerable to Contamination February 11, 2010 – A new groundwater study performed by the US Geological Survey explains what, when, and how contaminants may reach public-supply wells. They studied aquifers in Florida, California, Nebraska, and Connecticut. According to the study, “More than 100 million people in the United States receive their drinking water from public groundwater systems, which can be vulnerable to naturally occurring contaminants such as radon, uranium, arsenic, and man-made compounds, including fertilizers, septic-tank leachate, solvents and gasoline hydrocarbons.”
Convoy of Hope and Culligan Team Up to Bring Drinkable Water to Haiti January 27, 2010 – Culligan is donating 3 water purification systems that can produce up to 15,000 gallons of drinking water per day to the Convoy of Hope to help survivors of the devastating Haiti earthquakes. Culligan has already sent 250,000 bottles of drinking water that were on the ground within days of the earthquake. “These water purification systems will help save lives,” said Hal Donaldson, founder and president, Convoy of Hope.
That Tap Water is Legal, but May Be Unhealthy December 16, 2009 – The NY Times continues to investigate 35 year old drinking water standards and laws that regulate 91 contaminants when the EPA estimates there are nearly 60,000 chemicals in use in the United States. The article points out, “scientists have scrutinized thousands of those chemicals in recent decades, and identified hundreds associated with a risk of cancer and other diseases at small concentrations in drinking water, according to an analysis of government records by The New York Times.”
Millions in US drink dirty water, records show December 7, 2009 – According to the opening paragraph of the article, “More than 20 percent of the nation’s water treatment systems have violated key provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act over the last five years, according to a New York Times analysis of federal data.”
Cocaine, Spices, Hormones Found in Drinking Water November 12, 2009 – Unexpected “ingredients” are finding there way into water all over the world, however this study reviews the ongoing water chemistry in the Pugent Sound. They’ve noted that the types of spices vary depending on the time of year and have even tracked a spike in vanilla and chocolate in the water on weekends.
Comfort Food: Chocolate, water reduce pain response to heat October 14, 2009 – Interesting study that demonstrates that rats respond more slowly to pain when eating a chocolate chip or sugar water. The novel part of the study is that the same delayed response to pain occurred when the rats had regular water infused into their mouths. Therefore suggesting that the calories in “comfort food” are not what provide the comfort as there are no calories in water.
Toxic Waters September 12, 2009 – An in-depth study national study performed by the New York Times where they claim that 1 in 10 Americans drinks contaminated water. The study suggests that people on well water are particularly susceptible however municipal supplies have had over 500,000 EPA violations since 2004.
Rural well water linked to Parkinson’s August 5, 2009 – this is the synopsis taken directly from the Environmental Health News website: “Rural residents who drink water from private wells are much more likely to have Parkinson’s disease, a finding that bolsters theories that farm pesticides may be partially to blame, according to a new study. The risk to people in California’s Central Valley was 90 percent higher for those who had private wells near fields sprayed with certain insecticides. People with the incurable neurological disease were more likely to have consumed private well water, and had consumed it on average 4.3 years longer, UCLA scientists reported. Unlike municipal water supplies, private wells are largely unregulated and are not monitored for contaminants.”
Chicago water: In public reports, city silent over sex hormones and painkillers found in treated drinking water July 14, 2009 – Just another instance of pharmaceuticals showing up in public drinking water supplies. The most cost-effective way to treat this is still treating the drinking water at the Point of Use. This can be done in homes with a Culligan RO or in businesses with a Bottle-Free® Cooler.
Pharmaceuticals in Water June 2008 – Reverse Osmosis, similar to Culligan’s AC-30 and Bottle-Free® Coolers, was again mentioned as a treatment option.
On Tap: Concern of Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water April 2008 – An important note at the end of the article Dr. Reynold’s mentions that Reverse Osmosis removed all of the pharmaceuticals they were testing for from the water. Westwood Culligan has Reverse Osmosis options available for both your home and business.
Magnetic, Saltless, Salt-Free, and other Water Treatment Alternatives
Culligan Salt-Free Solutions July 2010 – Culligan International has been researching alternatives to salt-based water treatment for years. The above site provides some information, insights, and research studies regarding salt-free and magnetic water treatment.
Here’s a quote that an unhappy EasyWater customer posted on her website.
February 8, 2010
“Lastly, I turn to a product called “Easy Water.” “Easy Water” is a so-called “water-conditioning” system that doesn’t — unlike traditional water softeners — use salt to “condition”/soften water. There’s only one, trifling disadvantage to purchasing an Easy Water system: it doesn’t work. I know firsthand because Jim’s parents invested in such a system when they built their brand new, 4,000-sq.-ft. “compound” in 2001. Not long after they moved into the compound, they realized the system wasn’t preventing the lime-scale build-up it was supposed prevent. That’s when they bought a traditional — salt-consumin’ — water softener (like the one they’d used in their former home) and kicked the “great pretender” to the curb. Memo to wackos: no salt = no “conditioning”/softening = no reason to waste what little is left of one’s salary after Uncle Sam has pilfered his vast array of taxes from it”
Water-related pseudoscience, fantasy, and quackery Updated regularly – A website developed by a retired faculty member of the Dept of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University Burnaby / Vancouver, Canada to expose all the “myths” of water softening and treatment.
Magnetic Water Treatment: After 50 Years Still More Questions Than Answers June 2008 – Article written for Water Conditioning & Purification Magazine discussing the use of magnets to “treat” water since 1936 and the lack of scientific or other proof for their effectiveness from then until now.
WQA offers Consumer Alert on the basics of softening 4/2/09 – With the myriad of “alternatives” to salt-based water softeners offered by EasyWater, ScaleWatcher, Next and many others, the Water Quality Association offers a free white paper discussing the basics of softening water and these alternative options. Particularly, the paper discusses their methods of ensuring high-quality products for water treatment through certified testing according to performance standards.
Magnetic Water Treatment Devices – Research done at Penn State University discussing the lack of scientific evidence supporting Magnetic Water Treatment.
Any guidance on the EasyWater product for treating hard water? – an online forum discussing the claims and benefits of the EasyWater magnetic water conditioner advertised nationally including on Sean Hannity’s radio show.
Yes or No to EasyWater water softener by Frieje – online forum discussing the lack of science and proof behind EasyWater and even the “Scalewatcher” by AquaGenesis.
Why Bottled Water won’t protect you from pharmaceuticals March 2008 – Bottled water, like tap water, isn’t regulated for pharmaceuticals so you don’t know exactly what’s in your water. As referenced above in the “Drinking Water” section, one of the best methods for removing pharmaceuticals is Reverse Osmosis like a Culligan AC-30 for your home or Bottle-Free® Cooler for your office.
Plastic bottles pile up as mountains of waste March 2005 – The effects of bottled water on the environment.*Contaminants may not be in your water.